Congrats to Kristin McClure for successfully defending her M.S. Project.
Congrats to Kristin McClure for successfully defending his MS Project.
Abstract: Rapid assessment of breathing patterns is important for several emergency medical situations. In this research, we developed a non-invasive breathing analysis system that automatically detects different types of breathing patterns of clinical significance. Accelerometer and gyroscopic data were collected from light-weight wireless sensors placed on the chest and abdomen of 100 normal volunteers who simulated various breathing events (central sleep apnea, coughing, obstructive sleep apnea, sighing, and yawning). We then constructed synthetic datasets by injecting annotated examples of the various patterns into segments of normal breathing. A one-dimensional convolutional neural network was implemented to detect the location of each event in each synthetic dataset and to classify it as belonging to one of the above event types. We achieved a mean F1 score of 92% for normal breathing, 87% for central sleep apnea, 72% for coughing, 51% for obstructive sleep apnea, 57% for sighing, and 63% for yawning. These results demonstrate that using deep learning to analyze chest and abdomen movement data from wearable sensors provides an unobtrusive means of monitoring the breathing pattern. This could have application in a number of critical medical situations such as detecting apneas during sleep at home and monitoring breathing events in mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit.